Facts about Cyprus

Area: 9,251 sq km
Capital: Nicosia
Language: Greek, Turkish
Currency: Euro
  Turkish Lira
Population: 784,301
Coastline: 648 sq km

Home > General Info > Geography > Nature/Flora

Cyprus Nature/Flora


The variety of wildlife in Cyprus is low, but there are still many interesting species to be seen, such as those of mammals and insects.

There are many lizards in Cyprus, they are mostly shy creatures and choose under-populated sites as their habitat.

Snakes live in the Kyrenia mountain range. They hibernate during winter and you will find them in the long grass or basking in the sun in the days of summer and spring. Most species are harmless and will quickly slither off when they are aware of someone approaching.


Cyprus serves as a staging post for migrating birds flying between Europe and the Nile Delta. Hundreds of thousands of birds pass through the island in autumn and spring. There are many watching sites in Cyprus and the number of species during both seasons is high.


The clear waters around the island are home for almost two hundred different fish species.

Enormous sharks and rays are seen in the deep waters far away from the shores. The flying fish (Cheilopogon heterurus) is also observed at a safe distance off the shores. The red and grey mullet, sea bream, octopus, sole and squid are the main types caught and eaten.

Wild Donkeys

In the Karpaz National Park area (Pan handle) there are live donkeys which roam wild.


There is a wide variety of flora in Cyprus and it changes throughout the seasons. Undoubtedly spring is the time for anyone who wants to see the most prolific color and greatest variety. However, there are wildflowers that continue flowering well into May and June.

Cypurs Olive Tree Rescuer

Cyprus Olive Trees Rescuer

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